Entrepreneurship in Cities Neighbourhoods, Households and Homes

Entrepreneurship, Space and Place series
Edited by Colin Mason, Professor of Entrepreneurship, Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow, Darja Reuschke, University of Southampton, Stephen Syrett, Director, Centre for Enterprise and Economic Development Research, Middlesex University, UK and Maarten van Ham, Professor, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands and University of St Andrews, UK

Entrepreneurship in Cities focuses on the neglected role of the home and the residential neighbourhood context for entrepreneurship and businesses within cities. The overall objective of the book is to develop a new interdisciplinary perspective that links entrepreneurship research with neighbourhood and urban studies. A key contribution is to show that entrepreneurship in cities is more than agglomeration economies and high-tech clusters.

This is the first book to connect entrepreneurship with neighbourhoods and homes, recognising that business activity in the city is not confined to central business districts, high streets and industrial estates but is also increasingly found in residential neighbourhoods. It highlights the importance of home-based businesses for the economy of cities. These often overlooked types of businesses and workers significantly contribute to the ‘buzz’ that makes cities favourable places to live and work.

Including interdisciplinary and international perspectives, this will be an invaluable resource for researchers and Masters students in entrepreneurship, urban studies, geography, and planning, as well as practitioners involved in urban planning and development.


Locked out by sky-high rents, London’s ‘nomads’ fight for a secure home

Matthew Ponsford Friday 04 November : 10:11


A man holding an umbrella poses at a new viewing platform during the unveiling of the New Tate Modern in London, Britain, June 14, 2016. REUTERS/Stefan Wermuth

A population the size of Oxford live in government-provided short-term accomodation – where they can spend years shuttling across the country
By Matthew Ponsford

LONDON, Nov 4 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Lillie Basil supposes she was one of the luckier residents of Boundary House, a block of short-stay apartments in rural Hertfordshire for Londoners squeezed out by the capital’s chronic housing shortage.

When she found cockroaches crawling across her three-year-old daughter’s cot, she still had family in London the pair could return to for support.

But for thousands in Britain who have been rehoused outside their communities into temporary homes such as Boundary House, squalid and unsafe conditions can be hard to escape, as they find themselves stranded far from traditional support networks.

Figures from the UK Department for Communities and Local Government show that more than 73,000 households – a growing population bigger than the city of Oxford – now live in emergency accommodation.

That represents a 9 percent increase on a year earlier, and a rise of more than 50 percent since 2010. Of those, 20,000 households, almost a third, are forced to live outside their home borough.

Paul Watt, professor in urban studies at Birkbeck College, London, said those families make up an “increasingly nomadic” tier of the housing system.

Across global cities, many low-income families are forced to routinely leave jobs and schools to shuttle between government-provided homes, as housing shortages put private rental costs out of reach.

The buildings of the Canary Wharf financial district tower over Poplar, in East London March 27, 2010. Residents of the Robin Hood Gardens estate say they feel no connection with those living a short walk away in the luxury Canary Riverside complex. REUTERS/Jas Lehal

Basil, 22, has been living at her parents’ home in east London since leaving Boundary House in October but told the Thomson Reuters Foundation there isn’t enough space there for three generations of the family.

Now heavily pregnant with her second child, Basil exudes anxiety and says she suffers both a heart condition and mental health issues, including depression. The prospect of setting out again on her own frightens her, she says.

The local council, Waltham Forest, has encouraged Basil to look for a new home in the private rental sector, but she cannot afford the 1,000 pounds ($1,244) per month properties in London they have suggested.

When she first applied for government housing in March, Waltham Forest council officers told her she would be found a home in her local area of Chingford, Basil said.

Instead, she was offered only Boundary House: a block of around 40 small apartments that had previously been used as accommodation for individual student nurses, a 40-minute drive away in the town of Welwyn Garden City.

There, she found a cramped third-floor room with no space for her daughter to play and no way to secure the windows shut. On one occasion, the young mother caught her child as she tottered toward the open window’s edge.

The apartments are managed by Theori Housing Management Services Ltd, a private contractor that oversees a growing housing portfolio of more than 500 million pounds ($622 million) in value for seven London boroughs including Waltham Forest and neighbouring Newham, according to its website.

Both Basil and Elina Garrick, 38 – another former resident who was placed in Boundary House with her three children by Newham Council – said they experienced days-long outages of hot water, dirty communal areas and mouldy walls. When they called Theori, it often took weeks to fix the problems, they said.

Basil took her daughter to the doctor three times for respiratory illness and chest infections she believed were caused by the mould in her room.

Protesters, some dressed as cockroaches, protest outside the offices of Theori Housing in Leyton, east London on October 28, 2016. Former residents highlighted sub-standard living conditions at Boundary House apartments in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire. TRF/Matthew Ponsford
Theori said in a written statement that Boundary House meets statutory requirements and the company works with tenants to ensure homes are safe and well maintained, but did not respond to questions about specific housing conditions.

In March, Newham Council offered Garrick another house in Basildon, Essex – even further away from central London.

Basil said she wishes she had stayed and fought for a better home. But as her depression worsened in the absence of friends and family, she abandoned Boundary House.

“I wasn’t going to take the risk of harming myself when I have a child, and one on the way,” she said.

Garrick’s local council, Newham, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation it had moved all 15 families from the borough out of Boundary House.

The decision was taken after finding a lack of affordable homes in Welwyn, which meant limited opportunities to house the residents in the area long term, it said.

But Waltham Forest continues to place tenants in the building. It said it had met with a number of residents in recent months to discuss concerns over conditions and worked with Theori to address them.

Campbell Robb, chief executive of Shelter, a housing rights charity, said councils are “stuck between a rock and a hard place” because of severe cuts to their budget by central government and a rising number of families in need of government-supported housing.

A mural is seen on the Broadwater Farm housing estate in Haringey, north Londonin this 2010 file photo. REUTERS/Paul Hackett
But they must try to better understand the needs of families, he added.

“All too often… we hear from homeless families who’ve been forced to wave goodbye to schools and jobs, and move their whole family into a cramped and dingy room somewhere with no idea when they will have a place to call home again,” he said.

Freedom of Information requests submitted last year by Inside Housing, a magazine for housing professionals in Britain, showed that across London, 3,700 households had lived in temporary accommodation for at least five years. Of these, 690 had been without a permanent home for more than a decade.

Temporary accommodation has become a way of life for many tenants, said academic Watt, who researches social housing in global cities. “Their entire existence for the foreseeable future is characterised by more-or-less constant churning from one insecure tenancy to another,” he said.

But solutions aren’t “rocket science”, he added. Councils must receive proper funding and commit to building homes that people on lower incomes can afford to live in, he said.

The private rental sector must also be reformed to bring down soaring rates and make lease agreements secure for longer periods, he said.

Garrick said her own moves from a London hostel to Boundary House and, now, still further away from London have meant months out of school for her children and cost her an offer to study at university.

For today’s “nomads”, insecure housing means an insecure existence, she said.

“It’s not just temporary accommodation, it’s a temporary life.”

12 PhD studentships in Design

Design Star – The AHRC Design Star Centre for Doctoral Training
Qualification type: PhD Various Locations Funding for: UK Students, EU Students Full Time Closes: 6th February 2017
The AHRC Design Star Centre for Doctoral Training aims to develop research leaders of the future who are equipped to make a difference to contemporary social concerns, knowledge production and creative practices. This requires an approach to research training that places diversity and interdisciplinarity at its core.

Its spread of design disciplines is linked by a common approach to design that encourages the integration of history, theory and engagement.

The consortium brings together leading design departments at the University of Brighton; Goldsmiths, University of London; Loughborough University; The Open University; and the University of Reading.

Each represents a distinctive, engaged, and interdisciplinary perspective on design. Each institution is broad-based, and recognised for the high quality of its design research through both excellent performance in research assessment exercises, scholarly engagement with audiences and publics, and by demand from prospective high-calibre PhD students.

If you wish to apply have a look at the Design Star website [www.designstar.org.uk]

Key dates: Monday 6 February 2017: closing date for applications to one of the Design Star universities (to be eligible for Design Star studentship funding) and studentship funding application to Design Star

During February and March 2017: you will be told whether you have been accepted for PhD study at the Design Star university that you have applied to.

April/May 2017: you will be told whether you have been successful in your application for studentship funding.

Get in touch with Polly Harte if you would like more information: Designstaradmin@reading.ac.uk

Call for Applications: 2017 Carter Manny Award

SEP 15, 2016 Deadline: November 15, 2016

The Graham Foundation is now accepting applications for the 2017 Carter Manny Award. Ph.D. students must be nominated by their department to apply for the Carter Manny Award. The award is open to students officially enrolled in schools in the US and Canada, regardless of citizenship.

The Carter Manny Award supports dissertation research and writing by promising scholars whose projects have architecture as their primary concern and have the potential to shape contemporary discourse about architecture and impact the field. Projects may be drawn from the various fields of inquiry supported by the Graham Foundation: architectural history, theory, and criticism; design; engineering; landscape architecture; urban planning; urban studies; the visual arts; and other related fields. The award assists students enrolled in graduate programs in architecture, art history, the fine arts, humanities, and the social sciences working on architecture topics.

For the award guidelines, eligibility information, and application, click here.

Image: Peter Behrens, sketch of the Atlantropa Tower and North gate of the Gibraltar Dam, 1931, Munich, Germany. Courtesy of the Sörgel-Archiv, Das Deutsches Museum, Munich. From the 2016 Carter Manny Award to Hollyamber Kennedy (Columbia University) for Welt bildend: Architectures of Security and Infrastructural Modernism in Germany and Beyond, 1848–1952.


The Serralves Foundation’s mission is to raise awareness and knowledge amongst audiences from different backgrounds and age groups in relation to contemporary art, architecture and the landscape and key issues facing society at present and in the future. The Foundation has an integrated approach based on its exceptional heritage assets, including, in particular, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Park.

To reinforce its artistic programme in the field of architecture, the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art, in Porto, Portugal, is looking for an

(2 years position)

Working with the Director of the Museum, the holder of this new position will contribute to the identification of exhibitions to be held at the Museum, the design and development of programmes related to contemporary architecture and art, as well as develop and expand the network of contacts with specialist partners, both nationally and internationally.

Main responsibilities:

Design and develop exhibitions and projects, which aim is to stimulate interest in contemporary art and architecture, in collaboration with national and international institutions, including the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA),
Design and develop programmes, including research on other relevant architectural archives, that create context for the Álvaro Siza Archive held by Serralves with a view to promote awareness discussion and debate around contemporary architecture;
Lead on the development of research and public programmes, including think tanks, public forums and lecture cycles;
Attend curatorial and programming meetings at the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art on a regular basis;
Produce and supervise editorial initiatives, including catalogues and interpretation materials, as well as online content to be promoted and communicated, both at a national and international level;
Encourage and develop partnerships with universities, research groups and other museums working with architecture as a part of their core focus;
Work closely with the Technical and Communication teams of the Serralves Foundation on the enhancement of digital engagement with the Álvaro Siza Archive and Serralves architectural programmes, and other architectural media platforms;
Advise the Special Projects and Development teams of the Serralves Foundation on funding and sponsorship strategies.
Required skills:

MA or PhD in relevant areas and compatible with the required position and responsibilities;
Excellent knowledge in history of modern and contemporary architecture;
Minimum professional experience of 3 years in producing innovative programmes related to architecture, preferably in a museum or contemporary art institution and their implementation;
Excellent interpersonal and communication skills and ability to work as part of a team, whether with colleagues of the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art or with artists, architects, external entities and collaborations, or the general public;
High level of written and oral communication skills;
The ability to influence others in presenting ideas and the ability to relate to new partners;
The ability to manage priorities and time, to take initiative and exercise responsible autonomy are critical for this role;
Fluency in Portuguese and English, both written and spoken. A third language fluency will be valued;
This position is not required to relocate to Porto, but requires availability to attend regular curatorial and programming planning meetings with the Director of Museum and key staff, as well as for programme and content delivery.
What we offer:

Integration into an innovative and world-renowned cultural institution in promoting the interest in contemporary architecture and its relationship to contemporary art and culture;
Integration into a dynamic team of curators and programmers of the Serralves Museum of Contemporary Art;
The opportunity to contribute to a developing area of activity of the Museum’s programme within a national and global context and set of networks.
For applications, please send by email, to rh@serralves.pt, till 25th November 2016. The Serralves Foundation welcomes application from all sections of community and from both national and international candidates.

Serralves Foundation
Rua D. João de Castro, 210
4150-417 Porto Portugal

Web: http://www.serralves.pt/en/
E-mail: rh@serralves.pt

CFP – conference in Island

EXTREME- Rethinking the Limits to Community, Architecture, and Urbanism
21-25 January 2018, Longyearbyen, Svalbard

Density and sparsity, height and depth, hot and cold, centre and periphery, wet and dry, war and conflict: People the world over have adapted their living practices, architectures, and landscapes to extreme conditions. In our globalised era, local conceptions of the ideal dwelling, city, and community are increasingly exposed to alternative understandings. How do the house in the country and the flat in the skyscraper, the remote mountain village and the hyper-dense world city, the frigid arctic science station and the blazing desert financial district differ from and resemble one another? Can extreme environments foster innovative lifestyles that are conducive to community and inspire beneficial future urbanisms? Or do the technical solutions relied upon to help people cope with extremes of population, climate, light, height, and other factors necessarily distance people from each other and from the natural environment?

This interdisciplinary conference probes the limits to community, architecture, and urbanism from the perspectives of urban studies, geography, design, architecture, anthropology, sociology, and other fields and disciplines.

How to make a presentation.
Presentations are welcome on all aspects of life in extreme conditions. Presentations last 15 minutes and will be followed by around 5 minutes’ question time. The early deadline for abstracts is 28 February 2017, but to take advantage of early registration rates and ensure that you have time to seek funding from your institution or government, we recommend that you submit your abstract early.

If you have any questions, please e-mail convenor Adam Grydehøj (agrydehoj@islanddynamics.org).

Architecture Programme Manager – British Council

Location London

Department Arts

Category: Full Time, indefinite

Location: London Salary

Pay Band 7 (£25,758 – 32,463) plus London Market Allowance

The Organisation

The British Council was founded to create ‘a friendly knowledge and understanding’ between the people of the UK and wider world by making a positive contribution to the countries we work with, and in doing so making a lasting difference to the UK’s international standing, prosperity and security. The programmes we use to do this are wide-ranging and cover the arts, education, English, science and society.

The Arts

Our UK Arts team works with the British Council’s global network of offices to achieve significant impact and change by finding new ways of connecting and seeing each other through the arts. Our team in the UK has three main groupings: We have six art form teams; three cross-disciplinary teams; and three country-specific teams in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Our aim is to see stronger creative sectors across the world that are better connected with the UK.

We believe arts and culture are vital to prosperous, secure societies, and that offering international cultural connections and experiences strengthens their resilience. We are uniquely able to make a difference thanks to our extensive and diverse networks in the UK and internationally, enabling us to respond to the individual context of each place we work in. Link to Vision on internet.

The Team

In the Architecture Design Fashion department (ADF) we use our connections and understanding of the UK contemporary design sector to advise and support our international colleagues on working on design exhibitions, events, residencies and other projects within cultural relations programmes and provide a link to the UK. Together we develop projects to encourage showcasing, partnerships, collaboration and professional exchange. We work in partnership with institutions, designers and design professionals to build relationships between the cultural, educational and professional organisations in the UK and around the world.

The Opportunity

We have an excellent opportunity for an architecture programme manager to provide specialist support to British Council offices overseas to ensure the development, implementation and management of high-quality, strategic architecture programmes which meet specific regional requirements and support the British Council’s cultural relations objectives.

The successful candidate must demonstrate the following essential knowledge & experience:
A good, wide knowledge of contemporary UK architecture and the ability to make critical judgements across different genres.
A good network of contacts across the UK architecture sector.
A track record in programming architecture events, and commissioning exhibition and graphic designers.
The ability to write and edit effectively for a variety of different audiences; and to use digital platforms including blogs and social media
Some of the main opportunities/challenges include: (Please see Role Profile for full details of the duties)

Leads in the development and presentation of specific project or programme proposals, including the architecture-related component of wider programmes, to ensure these are soundly based and gain approval.
Oversees and, as necessary, advises on the implementation of approved architecture projects and/or programmes to ensure these are efficiently and effectively delivered to agreed standards.
Actively builds professional networks and information channels that maintain an excellent understanding of relevant developments, stakeholders and opinion formers in the architecture sector.
Proactively identifies and cultivates potential/actual partners for project and programme development and delivery, and secures the successful achievement of British Council objectives.
Contributes to the development of the exhibitions for the British Pavilion at Venice Architecture Biennale.
Leads on ADF’s relationship with at least one region within the British Council network, becoming an expert on the context and being the first point of contact for partners and internal colleagues within ADF department across all three disciplines.
Using agreed British Council systems and processes, plans and manages the budget for a range of small/medium-sized projects and programmes.
Equality Comment & Equality of Opportunity (UK)

Valuing diversity is essential to the British Council’s work. We aim to abide by and promote equality legislation by following both the letter and the spirit of it to try and avoid unjustified discrimination, recognising discrimination as a barrier to equality of opportunity, inclusion and human rights. All staff worldwide are required to ensure their behaviour is consistent with our policies.

The British Council is committed to a policy of equal opportunity and is keen to reflect the diversity of UK society at every level within the organisation. We welcome applications from all sections of the community. In line with the British Council’s Child Protection policy, any appointment is contingent on thorough checks. In the UK, and in other countries where appropriate systems exist, these include criminal records checks.

For further information please see the documents below:

Role profile
British Council behaviours
Generous pension
32 days annual leave
Flexible working policy
Childcare vouchers
Season ticket loan
The closing date is 13th November 2016 at 23:59 UK time and we are looking to schedule the interviews for week commencing: 28th November 2016.